4-point Inspection

When buying a new property, it pays to know what four-point inspections are and why they’re important. A 4-point inspection is an assessment conducted by a qualified professional and it’s an integral part of the real estate process. 

This assessment looks at the four key elements of the property: the HVAC system, the electrical system, the plumbing system, and the roof. Through a 4-point inspection, potential buyers can identify any major problems, avoiding costly repairs or replacements. This, in turn, helps you decide if the home is worth purchasing. 


What Is a 4-Point Inspection in Real Estate?

A 4-Point Inspection in Real Estate is an inspection of a property’s four major systems:

    • The roof
    • The electrical
    • The plumbing
    • The HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) 

When you take out a homeowners or landlord insurance policy, sometimes the insurance company requires a four-point inspection by a licensed inspector. They need to know what they’re insuring, after all. 

During the inspection, the inspector will look for any existing or potential problems with each of the four systems and make recommendations for repairs or replacements as needed. The inspector will also provide a written report of their findings to the potential buyer.

Note that four-point inspections only go so deep into the house. Inspectors focus only on what they can see. Any internal problems require a professional diagnosis and aren’t always caught. 


Are 4-Point Inspections Required?

Some landlord- or homeowners insurance companies require a 4-point inspection to ensure that a home meets their standards for coverage. It depends on the insurer and the type of policy you have.

Additionally, inspectors sometimes recommend these in addition to the regular home inspections, as it allows them to dig deeper for you and evaluate more of the home. 


What Does a 4-Point Inspection Include?

A 4-point inspection is a quick visual assessment of a home’s major electrical, plumbing, heating, and cooling systems. Four-point inspections are relatively inexpensive (more on that in a minute) and provide potential insurance providers with a detailed look at the condition of a home’s essential systems. 

Let’s take a deeper look at the four components of this inspection:

    • Electrical: The electrical system of a home is inspected to ensure it is up to code and functioning properly. Sockets, wiring, switches, breakers, and ground faults are all looked at carefully to ensure the system is safe and functional. 
    • Plumbing: Plumbers assess the water supply lines, drain lines, water pressure, shut-off valves, and gas lines. 
    • Heating & cooling: The inspector will check the type of heating and/or cooling system, the age of the systems, and assess for any leaking fluids that may indicate a need for repairs. 
    • Roof: During the inspection, your inspector will hop up on the roof to gauge the age, material used, and condition of the roof. For approval or to maintain coverage, insurance companies and certain mortgage loans require roof repairs for heavily damaged roofs.  

After the inspection, the inspector will provide a written report outlining their findings. Buyers and owners can use this report to assess whether the home is eligible for home insurance or the right buying opportunity.


What Are the Benefits of a 4-Point Inspection?

A 4-point inspection provides limited assurance to potential homebuyers, lenders, and insurance companies that a home meets their criteria. Through a 4-point inspection, a qualified inspector can identify any major issues that need to be addressed in order to meet the requirements of the lender or insurance company. 


Accurate knowledge of the home’s true condition

A 4-point inspection is an important tool for homeowners to understand the overall condition of a home before making any big purchasing decisions. With a 4-point inspection, the homeowner can understand exactly what condition each of the major components of the house is in.


Potentially lower insurance premiums

If a 4-point inspection is successfully completed and no major issues are identified, homeowners may be eligible for discounted premiums on their insurance policy. This can save homeowners a significant amount of money on monthly insurance costs.


Identify minor issues before they become major problems

A 4-point inspection helps to identify minor issues with the home’s systems before they become major problems, saving homeowners time and money on future repairs. Homeowners can also benefit from a 4-point inspection by understanding which components of their home need to be maintained in order to prevent any costly repairs down the line.

Real estate investments? Awesome. Being a landlord? Less fun.

Learn how to earn 15-30% on passive real estate investments in one free class.

Katie earning passive income from real estate syndications

How Much Does a 4-Point Inspection Cost?

The cost of a 4-point inspection varies based on the home’s size, location, and services provided. Generally, the cost of a 4-point inspection ranges from $50 – $150, on average, so they’re actually one of the more affordable inspection options. 

It’s important to note that the cost of a 4-point inspection is not included in the cost of a regular home inspection required by your mortgage lender. In many cases, the 4-point inspection is an additional service offered by a home inspector and is paid for separately. 


Who Should Perform a 4-Point Inspection?

Older homes can sometimes come with hidden problems and deficiencies that could create additional costs or expensive repairs. A 4-point inspection can help buyers identify possible issues early on and provide a better idea of the condition of the property before finalizing the sale. Just like a car going in for a check-up, a 4-point inspection can help to identify any major issues or risks with the home’s systems. 

An inspection of this type can help buyers identify any potential problems or issues before signing any contracts. While it’s never fun to find a major issue in your home, if issues or problems are found, 4-point inspections can help buyers or homeowners budget accordingly. 

Insurance companies may also request a 4-point inspection before providing a policy or policy renewal. This helps to ensure that the company has a complete understanding of the property’s condition and any potential risks and hazards associated with it.


What are the Risks of Not Doing a 4-Point Inspection?

While not required by every state or insurance company, performing a 4-point home inspection helps you know the true condition of the property. Not performing a 4-point inspection can create a number of risks, as it leaves you without a clear understanding of the condition of the home. 


You Could Find Serious Damage Later On

A major risk of not doing a 4-point inspection is that you won’t be aware of any major damage or existing issues with the home. This lack of knowledge may put you at risk for serious, costly repairs down the road. 

Take it from someone who knows multiple people who decided to waive all inspections when they bought houses at the height of the pandemic. You REALLY want to get an inspection unless you want to end up with a huge bill to replace your furnace in the dead of winter.

(article continues below)

What short-term fix-and-flip loan options are available nowadays?

How about long-term rental property loans?

We compare several buy-and-rehab lenders and several long-term landlord loans on LTV, interest rates, closing costs, income requirements and more.

You Could Overpay for the House

If you opted out of a 4-point inspection and don’t know of any potential problems with the home, you may be willing to pay more than it’s actually worth. This could end up costing you thousands of dollars in the long run.


You Could Violate Laws & Regulations

Another risk of skipping a 4-point inspection is that you could be in violation of local, state, and/or federal laws and regulations. There may be certain codes and regulations that must be adhered to in order for the home to be considered up to code, depending on the area where the home is located. Without a proper inspection, you could be unknowingly violating a code and face costly repairs in order to bring the home up to standard.


You May Not Get the Insurance Policy You Want

Not having a 4-point inspection performed on your home prior to submitting an insurance application for a new or renewed homeowners policy may mean that the insurance provider does not have the necessary information to determine the condition of the property. Insurance companies typically use the findings from the 4-point inspection to establish coverage amounts, adjust the premium accordingly, or even deny the policy.


Final Thoughts

Four-point inspections allow buyers to understand the condition of the home and the safety of its systems before making such a costly purchase.

That said, four-point inspections are not the same as home inspections. They don’t go into nearly the same depth, and often miss critical details such as flood damage or foundation problems. Hire a home inspector for your own peace of mind, to look under the proverbial hood of your house and assess the water supply lines, check for mold, verify the foundation, and more.


What have your experiences with four-point inspections been? Any tips to share with other investors and homebuyers?



More Real Estate Investing Reads:

Connect with us on social!

FREE Webinar: Open $250K in Credit Lines for Investing

On Wed. 3/23/22 at 2pm & 8pm EST, Deni & Brian are hosting Fund&Grow for a free webinar to show you how to open up to $250,000 in unsecured business credit lines for real estate investing.

Free Background Check

Run a FREE housing & identity check!

Credit, criminal, eviction reports also available.

Want to create passive income?


We’ll email a series of videos in our free course,

to help you start earning income from rentals.

[mc4wp_form id=”501″]

Privacy Policy: Your info will never be shared or sold to a 3rd party. Even if Dr. Evil offers us 1 million dollars 🙂

Rental ROI Ebook

Want to earn more from your rentals?


Download our free Ultimate Guide to Higher ROI and be dazzled by the charming wit, disarming frogs and invaluable tips for higher profits and less work.


[mc4wp_form id=”501″]

Free Mini-Course: Passive Income from 2-4 Unit Multifamilies

Free Mini-Course: Passive Income from 2-4 Unit Multifamilies


Ready to build passive income from small multifamily properties?

Over the next week, we'll email you a free series of videos, so enter your best email and let's get started!

You're in! Check your email to confirm, and you can email us directly at [email protected] with any questions :-)

Free Webinar: Earn 15-50% on Passive Real Estate Syndications

LIVE masterclass on Tues. 10/25 @ 8pm EST

Your seat is reserved! Check your email to confirm.

Inside a group real estate investment

Here's a quick video breakdown of a past group investment — and how it's performed since our Co-Investing Club invested in it in early 2023.

You got it! Check your email for the link, and some other fun freebies.

Ready to Build Passive Income?

Ready to Build Passive Income?


We'll email you the course videos over the next week, so enter your best email!

You're in! Check your email to confirm.

Ditch Your Day Job: Free 8-Video Course


Our brand new course on how to reach financial independence and retire early (FIRE) with rental properties is open for one week from Oct. 23-30!

You're in! Check your email for the link, or click here for the 1st video!

How do group real estate investments work?

If you want the cash flow, appreciation, and tax benefits of real estate without hassling with loans or landlording, learn how to invest passively. 

Awesome! Check your email :-)

learn private equity real estate investing

Hack the Rich: 7 Secrets We've Learned from Private Equity Real Estate

In a live online meetup, we'll be sharing and discussing 7 secrets we've learned from the rich over the last few years of investing in private equity real estate syndications.

Awesome! Check your email :-)

Hack the Rich: 7 Secrets We've Learned from Private Equity Real Estate

In a free workshop, we share 7 secrets we've learned from the rich over the last few years of investing in private equity real estate syndications.

Awesome! Check your email :-)