Martha and Terry live the dream.
They currently live on a houseboat, sailing the rivers of Europe. From the canals of Amsterdam to beautiful Strasbourg, France, the retired couple has enjoyed waterfront living all over Europe.
How did they do it? And how can you do the same thing?
The short version is simple: Martha researched how to buy a rental property and become a landlord along with her husband Terry, and now live entirely on the rental income from this one multifamily rental property.
And the crazy part? They’re living for less, on their beautiful houseboat in Europe, than they were previously in the US!
Martha and Terry asked that we not share their last name, so I’ll refer to them as “the Robinsons”. Here’s how the Robinsons bought their first rental property, became landlords, and retired to travel the world.
Life Before They Became Landlords
Martha and Terry have always lived frugally, saving a huge chunk of their paycheck. (If you haven’t noticed, this is a common theme among people who retire young or reach financial independence from rentals! Look no further than how Ashley and Kevin Thompson retired with rentals by 30.)
“Terry and I always participated in our employer savings plans and ALWAYS contributed the maximum amount. I don’t think we are particularly good savers or budgeters. But saving money, 401(k)s, Thrift Savings Plans, IRAs, and SEP IRAs – it was easy because our employers took it out of our paychecks and we never got our hands on it!”
That’s the trick to a high savings rate: not relying on discipline. Automate your savings if you want an exceptional savings rate, such as living on half your income.
A high savings rate means, of course, living on less than you “can afford” to live on. “When we went to buy a home, our banker told us we could easily qualify for a $750,000 home loan. We were horrified beyond words at the thought of being responsible for that large of a loan. We bought a $275,000 house which was really quite nice.”
Nor does living on less end with real estate. “With cars, we would buy a good one, pay cash for it, and typically drove it for ten years.”
In fact, the Robinsons were so comfortable with their high savings rate that they decided to take a four-year sabbatical from their careers and sail the world.
A First Taste of Freedom: The 4-Year Sailing Sabbatical
It’s amazing how often I hear people say “Well, going off and traveling the world sounds great and all, but I have young children, and a job, and responsibilities.”
The Robinsons had all of those. It didn’t stop them.
“We took a mid-life, four-and-a-half-year sabbatical and sailed around the world aboard our 35-foot sailboat. We funded that trip with our IRAs.”
The kicker? They took their 11-month-old daughter with them.
“We lived on an average of $25,000/year. We did pay the 10% penalty for early withdrawal. But hey! Sailing around the world – 10% is an easy penalty to pay.”
This was before Martha had become a landlord, so she and Terry had to sell off equities from their IRAs for cash to live on.
“The sailboat, fully tricked out, cost $85,000. Oddly enough, that is exactly what we sold her for at the end of our circumnavigation!”
And circumnavigation it was. After starting in Europe and the Mediterranean, and spending their first onboard winter in Malta, the Robinsons “turned west and never looked back. Back through the Greek islands, around Italy, the Spanish Balearics, through the Straights of Gibraltar to the Spanish Canary Islands. Then across the Atlantic (19 days) then we spent six months cruising in the Caribbean.
“From there we went through the Panama Canal, the Perlas Islands and an eight-day sail to the Galapagos Islands. Then a 19-day sail across the Pacific to the Marquesas, Tuomotus and Tahiti. We waited out the cyclone season in New Zealand.”
And so it went, for four amazing years.
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The Decision to Become Landlords
Eventually, the Robinsons settled back down again in the US, and bought a home in Anchorage, Alaska. They enjoyed a tranquil ten years there, then were jolted awake, financially speaking.
“The 2008 crash was a wake-up call for us. Leaving our retirement savings in the stock market and hoping for the best was too risky. Our retirement savings/equities took a hit like everyone else. And we were helpless fools in the whole debacle.
“Now real estate was something tangible; something we understood much better than the financial markets. So, in 2012, we took the plunge, aggregated our retirement accounts and funded a real estate LLC, held in trust for us by our (self-directed) IRAs.”
Screech! Stop the record. They did what? How did they buy a rental property in their IRA again? Trust? LLC? Huh?
Next week we’re publishing a companion piece about the nuts and bolts of exactly how the Robinsons bought a rental property using their IRA. But for now, back to their story of becoming landlords.
How They Bought Their First Rental Property
“Our self-directed IRA bought a little apartment building in Seattle, paying cash for it.
“We figured that there was very little downside to it. Even if the Seattle economy went flat or downturned, we could just lower the rents. No drama, just a lower return.”
Unlike mutual funds, ETFs, derivatives, etc., rental properties were something the Robinsons felt confident investing in. “Returns based on the local demand for housing; this is something we could understand. And it was extremely low risk because no debt was involved.
“We chose Seattle because we perceived it to be a more stable market than Anchorage. We lived through the Alaska economic disaster of the ‘80s when the price of oil dropped. It was too risky. Seattle was close, we had both lived there, and were generally familiar with the city.
“We wanted a stable neighborhood, a building in our price range (up to $850,000), a minimum return of about $40,000/year, and good condition. In December 2012, we bought a five-unit building in Greenwood, build year 1998, for $810,000.
“The units are all two-bedroom, two-bath, have washer and dryers and off-street parking. When we bought the building, the rents were averaging around $1,200/month. They are now averaging around $1,700 to $1,800/month. The rents could probably go a couple of hundred higher, but the tenants are good; we have low turnover.
“So, we grossed $108,000 and after paying all the expenses of taxes, management, maintenance, utilities etc. We netted $63,000 last year.”
Financial Independence, Early Retirement
After becoming landlords, Martha and Terry continued working. In fact, even though they had sold most of the equities in their IRA to buy a first rental property, they spent the next few years replenishing the equities in their retirement accounts.
Then the price of oil crashed, and they started getting jittery about their home’s value in Anchorage. “The economy in Anchorage is heavily dependent on oil, and Alaska was starting to see an economic downturn similar to the late 1980s. Layoffs were starting to roll around, new home starts dropped dramatically, businesses were closing, etc. We decided to sell the house, even though we didn’t want to move yet. We had some significant equity in it; we didn’t want that equity to evaporate.
“About six months after the house sold, my project management work was drying up. Frankly, with the house sold, no debts to carry, and a nice income from the self-directed IRA, we were free birds! Neither of us could think of a good reason why we should try to start over someplace else.
“So, we decided to retire.”
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The Problem of Health Insurance
One question that many people who retire early with real estate face is what to do about health insurance. “Unless provided through an employer, marketplace health insurance in Anchorage is ludicrously expensive. It would have been north of $20,000 per year to insure just me.
“So, I did a little research about expat health insurance in foreign locations and very quickly realized it was a heck of a lot cheaper everywhere else in the world. Terry and I now have a policy that covers all the normal wellness stuff, emergent care, hospitalizations, medical evacuations, etc. It’s un upper-end private policy for Europeans. And it cost $7,200/year for both of us. Boom! Do the math.”
Yes, Martha and Terry are saving money, even as they yacht around Europe’s most famous cities and enjoy a waterfront view every evening from their deck.
Moving onto a Boat in Europe (Again)
“Terry went on a buying trip last spring and got us a gorgeous Dutch steel cruiser. In the last 14 months, we have been touring Holland, Belgium, the UK, and France.”
Like everything else about the Robinsons’ experience, from saving money to buying a first rental property, they went about it conservatively.
“We didn’t go overboard with buying the boat. I think, all in, we spent about $70,000 for the 35-year-old boat.
“We paid for it by withdrawing cash (rents that had accumulated) from our self-directed real estate IRA. And we’ll lose money when we go to sell her, I’m sure. Maybe $10-15,000. But we’re happy to pay that “penalty” for such a great adventure!”
Actually, the math is pretty favorable. The Robinsons have been sailing Europe’s waterways for the last 14 months. Imagine they sell their boat after two years of ownership, for a $10,000 loss. That puts their housing at $5,000/year, or $417/month.
What kind of home can you rent or buy for $417/month? Certainly not a waterfront home in any of Europe’s best cities.
What It Takes to Create Your Dream Life with Rental Properties
For the Robinsons, it started with a different mindset around money than the Average Joes in this country. The Robinsons never thought in terms of “What’s the most I can afford to spend?” on a house or car or dinners out. They instead thought in terms of “What’s the least I can spend, and still be happy?”
They don’t consider themselves hard-core personal finance experts or saving nuts. “Our story is more about mindless saving, avoiding financial commitments (no big house debt, car payments, etc.), and avoiding those investments we don’t understand.”
Second, it took a retirement investing mindset shift. They could have kept plugging money into mutual funds in their retirement accounts. Instead they decided to learn how to become a landlord, to buy a first rental property despite not having any experience.
It’s worth noting that, for all their legal and tax acrobatics in putting their rental property inside an LLC inside a trust inside a self-directed IRA, they didn’t have to do that. They could have bought their first rental property the old-fashioned way, and still have the lifestyle they have today.
Martha and Terry face the same challenges as other expats (myself included), which mostly come down to missing family back home. “Our daughter is too far away, and Dad isn’t doing so great; I suppose those are my biggest complaints. With the advent of the Internet and Google Translate, you can hunt down and find just about anything you need. We still have our bank accounts in the US and access funds through debit cards. For communications we just buy SIM cards for the country we are in, making sure there’s a good data pack.
“It is hard to find peanut butter. Oh well!”
I asked Martha for a final thought on their experiences over the last six years (yes, it’s only been six years since they went to buy a first rental property and become a landlord, subsequently reached financial independence from real estate, retired and moved abroad).
“Do we have any regrets about our savings and investing? Only that we should have dumped Wall Street sooner!”
What about you? What are your dreams for financial independence from real estate? Want to travel the world? Stay put? Have already taken the leap to become a landlord, or do you have yet to buy your first rental property?